Month: August 2013

The Ancient Library of Alexandria: The West’s most important repository of learning


The Ancient Library of Alexandria: The West’s most important repository of learning

The Ancient Library of Alexandria: The West’s most important repository of learning

J. Harold Ellens   •  05/01/2013

J. Harold Ellens’s article “The Ancient Library of Alexandria” originally appeared in Bible Review, along with the sidebars “Greco-Roman Philosophers,” “Whither Aristotle’s Library?” “The Perils of the Alexandria Library: Two Ancient Book-Burnings,” “How to Measure the Earth” and “Alexandria Library Redux.”  

Excerpt follows;

When Alexander the Great died in 323 B.C.E., the Ptolemaic dynasty was given control of Egypt. Ptolemy I (c. 367–283 B.C.E.) established his capital at Alexandria and immediately began to build up the city. Ptolemy’s grandest project, begun in 306 B.C.E., was the Library of Alexandria, a research center that held one million books by the time of Jesus. Scala/Art Resource, NY


In March of 415 C.E., on a sunny…

View original post 901 more words




religion praying

Linda Woodhead is professor of sociology of religion at Lancaster University and Director of the AHRC/ESRC Religion and Society research programme. She is also one of the most acute observers of contemporary religion and religious identity. She has been conducting a series of surveys with YouGov on social and personal morality for the Westminster Faith Debates, of which she is the organiser. Linda is writing an essay for Pandaemonium on the changing character of religious identity, which I will publish that next week. In the meantime, here is a sneak preview of some of the data from her polling.  (The survey was conducted by YouGov in Britain in June, with a sample size of 4018.)

What is striking is the divergence between the picture of religious belief that has been painted in recent political debates and media discussions and that depicted by the YouGov data.  Recent debates on social…

View original post 1,362 more words

ملخص لكتاب “كوكب الأرض نقطة زرقاء باهتة”- كارل ساجان


الكتاب يعتبر جولة شائقة في جنبات الكون، وخصوصا مجموعتنا الشمسية، والرحلات التي ذهبت لتلك المناطق النائية، وما أنجزته وما أخفقت فيه وما ينتظر البشر في المستقبل من تحديات في سعيهم لبلوغ ما لم يبلغه الأجداد.

المتجولون .. حيث يتحدث عن بداية ظهور الإنسان، وكيف كانت نظرته للسماء وكيف ميز الكواكب عن النجوم، وتسمية الكواكب (Planets) وهي كلمة  يونانية تعني المتجولون.

ثم انحرافات الضوء .. يشرح كيف تصادمت الاكتشافات الفضائية مع الآراء الدينية للكنيسة، وكيف حاول العلماء، ومنهم نيوتن، التملص من هذه المشكلة بمحاولة الجمع بين التفسيرين. وكيف أثبتت رحلات فوييجر ما قاله جاليليو وكوبرنيكوس عن دوران الكواكب حول الشمس.

View original post 927 more words